If the refrigerant is too low or high, the unit will not operate and cause problems such as freezing up or other problems.
Pressure changes as the temperature changes so a pressure temperature chart is used as a reference to get the right range needed.
A pressure temperature chart also helps with the different refrigerants used since they can have different pressure ranges.
Reading and using an HVAC pressure chart is not difficult and easy enough to use once understand.
What is a Pressure Temperature Chart?
A pressure temperature chart gives the correct range of pressure that a refrigerant operates at the current temperature.
A pressure temperature chart shows the boiling point of a refrigerant at a specific pressure.
The outside temperature will be needed along with HVAC gauges to read a systems pressure, and refrigerant type.
Once the refrigerant type and outside temperature are known, the chart will show the pressure the system should be at.
- Temperature Pressure Chart
- Thermometer to Measure Outside Temperature
- HVAC Gauges to Check a Systems Pressure
Example HVAC Temperature Pressure Chart on Amazon
PT Chart R22/R-410A Laminated Pocket Aid Pressure/Temperature 34-3400-02
How To Read an HVAC Temperature Pressure Chart
- Check the refrigerant type on the unit label.
- Hook HVAC gauges to a systems high and low refrigerant lines that can read the refrigerant type.
- Be sure the HVAC system is running.
- Check the air temperature at the unit with a thermometer.
- Look up the correct pressure range on the temperature pressure chart.
- Check the HVAC gauges and the system should be operating in the correct range.
Using an HVAC temperature chart may seem difficult but s easy enough once basic concepts are understood.
HVAC systems heat and cool with pressures that changes with the temperature.
Pressures and the temperature are constantly changing with a chart able to give the correct range for a refrigerant type.
Knowing if the values are correct or wrong are often necessary to see if a system is working correctly or has a problem.