Heat pumps are very versatile in the way they can heat and cool a space.
Mini split heat pumps can be installed into anything from a garage to a shed.
Home additions are also a good use of a mini split heat pump, when the duct work can’t be extended.
Another benefit of a heat pump is they are much easier to install than a traditional HVAC unit and are perfect for the DIY type of person.
Some skill will be needed such as flaring the cooper line-set and bolting them together, or running 240 V AC to a breaker box.
Some HVAC tools will also be needed mainly a vacuum pump, HVAC gauges, and a flaring tool.
The other tools need are basic wrenches , drill, and wire strippers.
DIY Heat Pump kits can be bought online at sites such as Amazon.
Mini Split Heat Pump Kit On Amazon
Pioneer Air Conditioner Inverter+ Ductless Wall Mount Mini Split System Air Conditioner & Heat Pump Full Set, 12000 BTU 115V
Mini Split Heat Pump Installation Basics
A mini split has a condenser unit that sits outside and a indoor unit that must be mounted.
The indoor unit is mounted on a wall.
The outside condenser unit needs a flat surface to sit on or can be hung with bracket off a wall.
Once the units are set in place the refrigeration lines called a line-set needs to be run between the units. The thermostat wire is also run with the line-set. A hole is usually drilled through a wall to run the line-set between the two units.
Bending the line-set can be tricky and is done slowly as they can not get kinked which will block the refrigerant flow.
The line-set ends are flared and than bolted together.
HVAC gauges are hooked up and a vacuum pump is used to pump out the air. Once the air is evacuated the unit should sit for 5-10 minutes and to be sure it holds a vacuum. If it doesn’t hold a vacuum there is a leak somewhere that needs to be fixed. Usually it is were the line-set is flared together. Alternatively some tech use Nitrogen to test for leaks.
Electrical needs to be run. A disconnect box is used between the pole and the mini split.
After everything has been double checked and the unit holds a vacuum indicating there is no leaks. The refrigerants is let into the system by opening the unit up with a Allen key.
After everything has been done the unit should put out hot or cold air depending on the setting.
Installing a mini split yourself will not be for everyone and depends on your prior skills.
If there are some things that you don’t feel comfortable doing than they can always be outsourced.
For example the electrical can easily be outsourced to an electrician who should have it hooked up in less than a hour.
Vacuuming out the line-set and checking for leaks can also be outsourced to a HVAC technician.
The price to have someone install a unit can vary but will likely be between $500-$800 dollars.
Any part you can do yourself can greatly reduce cost.
For example having a electrician run the electrical, which shouldn’t cost more than $50-$100 dollars.
If you can do everything else beside one or two things the overall price will drop.
Of course this will depend on the person and wont fit everyone. If you have any hesitation about installing a mini split always call an experienced HVAC technician.